SECI Planning Two 10MW Floating Solar Projects in India

India continued its move towards cleaner energy options with the announcement that they are developing two 10MW floating solar projects, one in Kerala and one in Andhra Pradesh. The latter is expected to start construction early in the new year while the exact location for the former still has to be confirmed.

The Solar Energy Corporation of India (SECI) is planning to install some 325 MW of renewable energy over the next few years, mostly using solar and hybrid wind and solar installations. It’s a remarkable change for a country that has long been dependent on coal and other fossil fuels for their energy. Funding for the two floating solar projects is expected to cost in the region of US$20 million and is being part funded by the World Bank.

Solar In India

Renewables in general took a while to take off in India but the country is certainly making up for lost time. In 2015, the Government made a commitment to expand its solar plants and aim for 100 GWs of installed capacity by 2022, of which 40 GW could well come from solar rooftop installations. There’s still a long way to go and as of March this year, the country only had a little over 12 GW installed nationwide (though this is up from just 161 MW in 2010).

With poor electrical connections in rural areas, one area that does need to expand urgently in India is off-grid provision. One of the most popular products in these regions is the solar lantern which has sold in the millions as well as home solar systems that can be easily installed and run independently. The current Indian Prime Minister, Narendra Modi also introduced the construction of a new building for the International Solar Alliance in Gurgaon.

The Problem of Rapid Solar Growth

Along with China, India is becoming a major force in the global economy. With that growth, however, comes plenty of challenges. Part of the move towards solar is because of the future energy needs of the country.

Currently they Indians consume 302 GW of energy and there are still millions who are without proper electricity in many regions. By 2030, energy consumption is expected to be at 745 GW because of the growth in manufacturing as well as the Government’s promise to provide electricity everywhere. Rapid solar growth will not only need installation of panels and the development of plants, it will require huge investment in grid infrastructure that needs to go hand in hand with expansion.

The Government has now introduced the necessary legislative and support framework to encourage rooftop solar across the country and there are currently around 1,000 installers. How successful this initiative is going to be, however, remains to be seen. As with commercial solar, there are plenty of challenges to face on the way, not least how solar can be delivered to a largely poor population in rural areas of India.

The target of 100 GW by 2022 is, indeed, ambitious. The projects at Kerala and Andhra Pradesh represents just a small part of that. Floating solar is becoming increasingly popular around the world with the largest construction currently being developed in China. The 40 MW plant in Anhui, when complete, should provide electricity for some 15,000 homes.

BEIS Stats Expose Faltering London Solar Deployment

While most of the world seems to be embracing solar technology and are installing more capacity, the UK has seen the Government reduce subsidies in the shape of Feed in Tariffs. One place where solar deployment certainly appeared to be faltering was London – a location that saw sustained growth prior to the cutting of subsidies in 2016.

Statistics released by the Department of Business, Energy and Industrial Strategy show that the capital has been effected by severe under-deployment of solar up to December 2016. This showed that an estimated 12 GW of capacity was installed but only 90.9 MW of this was to be found in the Capital. While this doesn’t look that bad on the surface, once you take into account that 85.6 MW was actually installed in 2015, it means only 5.3 MW was installed during the whole of 2016, it marks a massive change in deployment.

Areas in the South East and West deployed 3.8 GW and London fell far behind the North East which traditionally has the lowest levels of deployment. For the UK’s capital it presents a major challenge.

While it’s a worrying turn of events, things are about to change. Mayor Sadiq Khan is introducing reverse solar auctions to promote the growth of projects within communities. According to the Deputy Mayor, Shirley Rodrigues:

“It’s something we’ve seen tested in Norwich and we want to do it in London on a much bigger scale. Whoever is the most competitive plus whatever else we might set as a criteria, you will get that package of work around London.”

What is a Reverse Solar Auction?

They allow multiple buyers to gather their resources together and compete for one contract. The Mayor is also hoping to relax legislation to encourage new installations around the Capital, with a view to actually doubling the solar capacity by the end of the next decade. In addition, Khan envisages grants that will be made available to communities to test the potential of solar batteries which could create further innovation and growth.

In a recent statement, Khan stated:

“I’ve set out my plans to improve London’s environment by fighting pollution, tackling waste and promoting cleaner energy so we can make London a healthier city that adapts to the impacts of climate change.”

The Mayor is attempting to make London the first ‘National Park City’ and proposes protecting and developing green spaces across London. It’s all part of his aim to reduce the amount of pollution and create a greener city that has renewables at its heart. London may also follow the route blazed by cities like New York and actively promote green roofs. This and the latest solar proposals were introduced in the Environment Strategy Consultation which is expected to cost some £9 million.

Reverse solar auctions are starting to become a popular way to get projects underway. They’ve been successfully used in New York and Norway (where the overall costs were greatly reduced) and has been tested in Norwich in the UK as a pilot for roll out in London and other cities. If the plans come to fruition, it could see a resurgence for solar in the UK’s capital, one that could provide a model for other regions to follow.

After the Government slashed Feed in Tariffs at the beginning of 2016, many feared the worse for the solar industry. The fact is that we’ve had to find new and innovative ways of raising the money for projects and bringing them forward. While the rest of the world is investing heavily in solar, the UK cannot afford to be left behind.

If the plan works out, the good news is that we could see more solar installed and the market starting to recover and thrive once more. Perhaps things are beginning to look brighter than we all thought.

Popularity is Dropping for Nuclear Power: Why?

There are few energy issues that polarise opinions as much as nuclear power. This has been brought into sharp relief in recent years with the proposed construction of Hinkley Point C and its spiralling costs and problems.

Polling from the Government’s own Public Attitudes Tracking Survey in 2015, , pointed to a fall in popularity for two of the Tory’s key energy proposals: Nuclear and fracking.

The Key Findings of Wave 14 of the Attitude Survey

  • Support for renewable energy remained high among the public – 75% are in favour of it.
  • Fracking was contentious but confusing for many – almost half had no opinion and slightly more are against it than for it. While 75% are aware of it, only 14% profess to know much about it as a method of gas extraction.
  • The biggest surprise to the Government, however, was that support for nuclear dropped to an all-time low of 33%. Those over 55 and male were more likely to support nuclear as an future energy technology, younger people tended to be against.

What’s Caused the Drop?

There’s no doubt that one of the key factors that might be affecting popularity for nuclear power in recent times is the debacle that has surrounded Hinkley Point C. In July this year, we reported that the site was already £1.5 billion over budget even though the project has only just begun. Concerns over EDF and the technology they are using, as well as their ability to deliver, remain high, not to mention the overall eventual cost to the tax payer.

There’s also the fact that we’re more informed nowadays about the potential for renewable energy to shape our future. In essence, it’s clean and more and more experts see it as a viable way for improving sustainability, self-sufficiency and cost effectiveness when it comes to energy production. With nuclear, there’s always the problem of how the waste is disposed of and you simply just don’t get that problem with either solar or wind.

There are other renewable technologies being proposed for the future. The technology is improving dramatically now that we seem to have passed the tipping point of public and expert opinion. Those who understand the sector also understand that future is more likely to be renewable than nuclear, fracking, or fossil fuel based.

The advocates for nuclear say that it is one of the cleanest technologies available and will provide security for the energy infrastructure of the UK. With battery storage also developing at a decent pace, that may be a moot point – we will soon be able to create energy through solar and wind and store that power for use 24/7 at a fraction of the cost of nucear.

Then there’s the huge potential that many see with using tidal power around the coast of the UK. The tidal lagoons at Swansea and Cardiff have been essentially put on hold by the current government even though many see it as one of the greatest energy innovations in the last couple of decades.

Other countries are looking to get rid of nuclear. Germany has announced that it is going to phase out nuclear by 2022 and the USA recently found that the appetite for nuclear was falling even though it still provides 19% of the country’s energy. With many of the American plants built in the 70s and 80s, this presents a problem as there is infrastructure that will soon need to be replaced.

For many though, opting for nuclear power is a retrograde step. As renewable energy begins to take more of its share of the power mix in many countries, we are at last coming to terms with technologies such as solar, tidal and wind. There are plenty of alternatives we can turn to and we don’t have to depend on costly, potentially environmentally dangerous energy solutions.

In the meantime, the Hinkley Point C project continues to lumber forward. Many expect the costs to spiral even more and suspect that EDF are going to struggle to deliver on their promises. At the moment, there seems to be no appetite on the part of the Government to call a halt to the development.

If the costs begin to rise, however, then it may be the court of public opinion that makes the biggest difference.

London’s Mayor Is Proposing To Ban Fireplaces

London has long had a problem with air quality. When current Foreign Secretary Boris Johnson was mayor, a report was delayed which highlighted the problem that many in the Big Smoke face. Now, current mayor, Sadiq Kahn, is proposing getting rid of fireplaces and wood burning or at least restricting its use to help improve things.

The mayor is not looking for a blanket ban but may try to get in legislation that limits wood burning stoves in specific areas of the busy capital. The problem is, however, that around one and a half million homes use these to heat their homes and there could be some considerable resistance if the legislation is to go through.

There’s also been a trend in recent years to create traditional, rustic fireplaces, particularly in older homes. The fact that wood burning produces a great deal of pollution doesn’t seem to be as important to many people as the cosy feel of a fire or the fact that it could add value to their home. They’ve also been sold on the idea that it’s carbon neutral. The mayor’s office counters that over a quarter of the pollution in London comes from people heating their properties by wood burning.

According to the Telegraph recently:

“Research by King’s College London found that the practice contributed half the toxic emissions in some areas of London during a period of high pollution in January. The government has come under increasing pressure to improve the UK’s air quality, with air pollution causing 9,500 early deaths a year in London and 40,000 across Britain.”

The World Health Organisation itself suggests that the maximum level of small particulate matter pollution, the kind caused by wood burning, should be 20 μg/m3. In London it’s 22, but the city is by no means the worst. Port Talbot sits at 25 20 μg/m3 and Glasgow is 23 20 μg/m3.

Alerts for high level pollution have been issued as many as 7 times in the last thirteen months and it continues to be a major problem for the Capital. Such was the furore when Sadiq Khan announced the proposed policy, that the Mayor’s Office later had to issue a clarification to say that the ban wouldn’t impact on home owners. There may be times when the air quality is at its worse that people will have to refrain from wood burning but it’s not the blanket ban that was first suggested.

While there was plenty of push back on the policy, especially from the media, green advocates welcomed the change. There has also, however, been plenty of questions about how the ban would be enforced. There is already a Clean Air Act that is largely unenforced even though there’s the opportunity to impose fines of up to £1,000. In the meantime, wood burning stoves are on the increase in the UK, not just in London.

The fact is that wood burning stoves are also supposed to be carbon neutral, something that the Government is trying to promote to lower our overall carbon footprint. Because you are burning wood, it tends to produce as much CO2 as the material would have absorbed while growing in the wild. What people may find, however, in areas like London where there are problems, the issue of pollution is going to have to take precedence. You might like to think about that before you decide to have wood burning stove installed in your area.

If you are unsure, then check the website UK Smoke Control Areas to see if restrictions apply in your area.

It’s Illegal To Power Your Home With Solar Panels In Florida

For advocates of all things renewable, including getting our power from the sun, it might be surprising to learning that running your home on solar panels in the US state of Florida is actually illegal.

The purpose of solar is not only to provide cleaner energy but also to cut down on utility bills. With new storage technology coming onto the market, there’s even the hope that you can make your entire home self-sufficient of the electricity grid and the big utility companies. In other words, we could soon own our power.

The issue of Florida laws came up after the damage inflicted by Hurricane Irma, a disaster which caused a significant amount of mayhem across the state. Millions of Florida residents were left without power and people began wondering why it wasn’t possible to have cheap, solar power installed.

After all, Florida has high levels of sunshine and it’s the perfect place for solar set ups.

The trouble starts with a company called Florida Power and Light which is one of the biggest utility companies in the state. Rather than putting money into the future of renewables and solar energy, the company has spent vast swathes of cash lobbying government. That means lawmakers have enacted legislation so that home owners can’t power their own homes with renewables like solar.

That doesn’t mean you can’t have solar panels. But you do have to connect them to the local grid and it’s illegal to simply run your own house in isolation, even if you have enough roof space and battery storage to do so. When a problem like Hurricane Irma occurs, it makes sense if you can power a home through any means, including solar, rather than depending on the utility company to fix the supply. Several weeks after the hurricane hit, there were still people, especially in remote areas who were without power.

According to IFL Science, the reasoning behind the legislation is clear:

“Homes that power themselves, even to a small degree, aren’t much good to companies like FPL. They’ve been cut out of the loop, which means they make less money from their consumers. They’d never openly admit this though, and instead, they’ve conjured up a rather curious explanation.”

In other words, the big utility companies don’t want people in Florida becoming too independent. It’s different for places like the UK where the grid is smaller and there are fewer off-grid properties that need to exist separately from the main supply.

The company itself points to potential health hazards and dangers if your house is wired up with what is called a bi-directional meter and even suggests that it could cause a threat to their workers who may be operating on the grid nearby (something for which there is little or no proof). Most people realise that this is simply a case of the utility company trying to keep hold of what they have.

In the US, things could get a lot more complicated for utility companies if battery technology happens to develop to the stage where you can easily produce power via solar panels and store it for use 24/7. We’re already part way there.

In the meantime, there are many who think that Florida Power and Light are fighting a vain and eventually pointless battle against progress. Americans have a track record of not listening to people telling them what to do and that includes big corporations. The utility companies and lawmakers might want to think about that before lobbying money begins to change hands.

According to TechDirt, it’s something that is beginning to hold the state back:

“The problem is that legacy companies across numerous sectors are very effective at using partisan patty cake to convince consumers to root against their own best self-interests. That’s why Florida, a state perfectly suited to take advantage of solar power, remains well behind the curve when it comes to solar adoption.”

The truth is that Florida may not be the only place where utility companies will begin to flex their corporate muscle with legislators, especially once we solve the issue of solar battery storage. Whether they can succeed or not, remains to be seen.

International Energy Agency Video

The International Energy Agency (IEA) has produced an online video that shows how the renewables market is expected to expand over the next five years.

Renewable energy is set to expand by 43% up to 2022, mostly driven by the solar revolutions taking place in both China and India. According to the IEA, renewables accounted for two thirds of additional net capacity introduced in 2016, something which led them to be more positive in their five year forecast. Now the IEA are expecting at least a further 920GW of capacity to be installed by 2022.

Solar Heads the Race

With the growing influence of China, solar is expected to grow significantly and quickly over the next five years, out-performing coal across the globe. 74GW were added in 2016 which meant a rise of 50% on 2015 figures. This is in part being driven by record low auction prices in many countries that has seen the market dynamics change alongside improvements in technology.

China is by far the biggest producer of new solar capacity, much greater than any other country around the globe, including the USA and India. They are key to creating new panels and developing technology too – over 60% of the world’s solar cell manufacturing capacity now comes from this part of Asia. The change in China’s renewable outlook has also had a knock on effect for other developing countries. According to executive director of the IEA, Dr Fatih Birol:

“This Chinese dynamic has led to record-low announced prices of solar PV and onshore wind, which are now comparable or even lower than new-built fossil fuel alternatives. This is radically changing the narrative in other emerging economies, which are now looking at renewables as attractive options to sustain their development.”

Other countries are starting to see remarkable growth. India, for instance, has now started to overtake Europe and is expected to double its renewable output by 2022, with most of that coming from solar and wind projects.

Other renewables

While by no means out of the game, technologies such as wind and hydropower have fallen back in comparison to solar recently. Hydroelectricity remains, historically, the biggest provider of renewable energy around the globe but fewer new plants are being developed. Major tidal power developments such as those planned for Swansea in the UK have stalled, despite evidence that they could provide real impetus for the renewable energy market.

According to the video, renewable energy across the board continues to break new records but the biggest problem that governments face is how to integrate it with their current infrastructure. This a challenge faced by both developed and under-developed countries and one that could well define our low carbon future.

Renewables are increasing throughout the west and the share of power provided by varying resources from solar to hydropower is staggering: Denmark is expected to have 70% of its power from renewables by 2022, Ireland, Germany and the UK 35%, and Spain 25%. In China, India and Brazil it’s expected to quickly hit 10%.

Wind and solar account for nearly 80% of the new renewables capacity that has come on line in recent years and the need for system flexibility is becoming increasingly urgent.

According to the IEA, both market and governmental policy frameworks have a lot of evolving to do so that we can cope with the range of different energy models and objectives. That includes:

“Providing long-term price signals to attract investment, ensuring efficient short-term electricity dispatching, pricing negative externalities and unlocking sufficient levels of flexibility as well as fostering a portfolio of dispatchable renewable technologies, including hydropower, bioenergy, geothermal and CSP.”

IEA Report Reveals Solar PV Capacity Grew By 50% in 2016

There’s no doubt that solar has come into its own in the last decade or so. From the days when opinion was often divided as to its efficacy and its future in the world of energy production, we’re now at a stage when most experts believe that this is a highly viable technology and one that will play a big role in the years to come.

A solar future will not only provide a route to energy self-sufficiency for many countries but, with increasingly better storage technology, could provide electricity even when the sun doesn’t shine. A report by the International Energy Agency reveals a growth in solar PV capacity of some 50% last year to 74GW.

What’s Driving Solar Capacity Growth?

There’s no doubt that the biggest single factor has been China. While America seems to be withdrawing from the renewables agenda, particularly once President Trump decided to pull back on the Paris climate change agreement, China has gone at it full throttle. They accounted for almost half of the capacity expansion last year, and that doesn’t take into account the solar systems they are beginning to develop and pass onto the rest of the world.

Another reason is also that we seem to have achieved a tipping point when it comes to renewables. According to the International Energy Agency recently, the sector is expected to grow by about a third within the next five years:

“The growth in renewable generation will be twice as large as that of gas and coal combined. Though coal remains the largest source of electricity generation in 2022, renewables close the generation gap with coal by half in just five years.”

Lower auction prices for both wind and solar means many countries, including India, Mexico and the UAE are all benefiting from the construction of new power plants. In the UK, regions like London, after slowing down in recent years, are looking to introduce reverse auctions to promote higher levels of solar installation.

China will undoubtedly remain the market leader for a while to come and there are plans for 360GWs of further capacity to come online in the next few years. Part of this is being driven by the real concern for air pollution, something that has been caused by the country’s dependence on coal as well as the large number of vehicles in large cities . China is also one of the few countries that is out pacing it’s targets – solar capacity has already reached the point that was planned for 2020 and continues to grow dramatically. According to Carbon Brief recently:

“Chinese companies now account for 60% of the world’s solar cell manufacturing capacity. This means market and policy developments in China will have global implications on the deployment and prices of solar around the world.”

India, in the past seen as one of the biggest carbon emitters in the world, has also been through a sea change. Renewable capacity is expected to more than double by 2022 and both solar PV and wind power are a part of this drive. While it appeared to take a backward step with the Trump administration, the USA is by no means out of the race for a renewable future. Many states, and hundreds of businesses, have said they are committed to the climate change agenda, even if the current President is not.

Off-grid solar is also growing in areas like Africa where it has the potential to provide electricity to remote places across the continent and the IEA report suggests that this could almost triple in the run up to 2022. It’s something that is estimated to bring electricity to some 70 million people who don’t currently have a reliable source of energy.

The other area that solar PV is increasing dramatically is in the production of electric vehicles. With many Western countries looking to ban petrol and diesel cars within the next couple of decades, automotive manufacturers around the world have been working hard to develop the hybrid and fully electric vehicles that will be our future. While the technology isn’t there yet, many of these could, in part, be powered by solar PV.

Solar Power: The Quickest-Developing Source of New Energy

Head back a few years and there were plenty of detractors who thought solar power generation was a lost cause. They said its success was vastly overstated and that it wouldn’t be able to survive without damaging subsidies which put too much pressure on the poor tax payer.

In recent times, solar prices have dropped and more and more panels have appeared on land and on rooftops.

The solar revolution, according to advocates, is now unstoppable. According to executive director of the International Energy Agency (IEA), Dr Fatih Birol:

“We see renewables growing by about 1,000 GW by 2022, which equals about half of the current global capacity in coal power, which took 80 years to build. What we are witnessing is the birth of a new era in solar PV. We expect that solar PV capacity growth will be higher than any other renewable technology through 2022.”

What’s Driving Solar Power?

The biggest driver of solar power is undoubtedly China at the moment. Their investment in the sector and their desire to push the envelope has been dramatic to say the least. The fairly recent change in events in the country have been unprecedented.

A few decades ago, China had barely a solar industry to talk of – between 2008 and 2013, however, it suddenly burst onto the scene and was a major cause of prices coming down across the globe in the process. Now China is the leading solar innovator – they understand how important it is for the world’s energy mix and they also see a big commercial profit in it. Not only is solar bringing in huge amounts of revenue, it’s creating an awful lot of jobs.

We’ve also, as many experts point out, gone past the tipping point with renewables. Public opinion is more on board than it has ever been. According to the Guardian recently:

“New solar capacity even overtook the net growth in coal, previously the biggest new source of power generation. The shift was driven by falling prices and government policies, particularly in China, which accounted for almost half the solar panels installed.”

Why Battery Storage is Vital for Solar

The key factor that is set to underpin all renewable technologies, but particularly solar and wind, is energy storage. Currently we have a problem. When the sun doesn’t shine or the wind doesn’t blow, these installations don’t produce electricity. This is definitely an issue with solar, which only produces it’s electricity at certain times of the day. If we can store that power and release it to the grid when it’s most needed, in the evenings, then solar suddenly becomes a lot more viable than tech such as nuclear.

The technology in this area isn’t quite there just yet but there have been some major steps forward in recent times. While it’s still fairly expensive, you can expect the cost to come down in the same way that solar panels have as competition increases and the technology improves. And you can expect it to happen quickly.

The Future of Solar Power in the UK

The solar industry took a hit at the beginning of last year and it’s had an impact. Initial news of companies going out of business, however, seem to have settled down. The cost of panels and installation is now at the lowest it’s ever been and those with the money are still investing. Regions like London, after a stall in installations, are introducing new and innovative ways to get solar installed including reverse auctions that allow interested parties to pool their resources to get projects off the ground.

This summer, solar power broke another record and provided a quarter of the UK’s electricity needs in May. Taking into account all other renewables, a total of 60% of the energy at that time was provided by low carbon technology. According to Ben Warren of EY’s renewable energy practice, the hard times in the last 12 months may well have equipped the solar industry in the UK for the future:

“By ‘growing up’ in the environment in which they have, solar developers have had to be very dynamic and tough. As it moves into an unsubsidised market and this uncertainty drifts away, it provides a much more sustainable platform on which to build these businesses rather than being purely responsive.”

For many, we’re at the start of an energy revolution that will transform how we generate power across the globe. Solar’s part in that is almost assured.

Scotland Bans Fracking: The First Country To Do So

There is no more divisive sector in energy production as fracking. Attempts to introduce it across the UK has encountered widespread opposition from local residents and activists. Now, Scotland has essentially banned fracking after a consultation that found public opinion largely against the energy extraction process.

According to campaign head for Friends of the Earth in Scotland, Mary Church:

“This is a victory for the environment and for local communities fighting fracking. This is a huge win for the anti-fracking movement, particularly for those on the frontline of this dirty industry here in Scotland, who have been working for a ban these last six years.”

What is Fracking?

While many people are aware of fracking, as well as the controversy behind, a large percentage admit to being ill-informed about what it is in reality.

There is a large supply of natural gas underneath the ground but it’s difficult to extract. Fracking is a process where we drill down into the earth and then use high pressure water, sand and chemicals which work to release the gas inside. It’s proved popular and profitable in countries like the USA but it hasn’t been without it’s controversies.

Why Is It So Divisive?

There are major environmental concerns with the fracking process. Environmentalists contest that forcing water down into the ground releases potentially harmful chemicals and contaminates ground water.

The industry counters this by saying that this is down to companies using bad processes and that this can be guarded against using legislation and best practice. The environmentalists, in turn, counter that there are better, more cost effective methods of energy production such as renewables which we should be concentrating on rather than trying to extract fossil fuels from the ground.

The potential for fracking operations to start work all over the UK has led to widespread protests. It was made worse when the Government decided, in principal, to allow fracking in National Parks.

The Future of Fracking in the UK

Scottish MPs voted to endorse an effective ban on fracking by 91 to 28 in October this year. It came after a consultation found that there was widespread opposition to the process and the belief that it would hamper the Scottish Government’s attempts to cut down their own carbon footprint.

The consultation got around 65,000 responses of which an overwhelming number were against fracking. Many of these respondents were in old coal mining districts that had been specifically targeted by fracking companies. This leads on from a ban in Wales that essentially leaves England isolated. Wales introduced a moratorium in 2015 which opposes fracking and blocks the practice, at least until further evidence comes to light.

The decision in Scotland hasn’t gone down well with fracking companies, including Ineos who operate the Grangemouth petrochemical plant in Scotland. Their contention is that England will now benefit from billions of pounds of investment and jobs through the fracking industry and those north of the border will miss out.

According the Ineo’s Shale Operations Director, Tom Pickering:

“It is a sad day for those of us who believe in evidence-led decision making. The Scottish Government has turned its back on a potential manufacturing and jobs renaissance and lessened Scottish academia’s place in the world by ignoring its findings.”

Others naturally see it as a victory for the environment and there is now a push by the Scottish parliament to have the moratorium enshrined in law. There’s no appetite for fracking in the UK, especially now that more of us want to see renewables given their fair shake.