Legal & Planning permission in England

In England, wind turbines require planning permission, unless they fall under the following categories, in which case their installation may be classed as ‘permitted development’, for which planning permission is not required.

For all wind turbines, the following criteria must be met:

  • There must be no other wind turbine or air source heat pump on the property
  • The bottom of the turbine’s blades must be at least 5m from the ground
  • The turbine site must not be in a Conservation Area, World Heritage site, or in the grounds of a listed building

For building-mounted turbines, the following criteria must be met:

  • The property must be detached
  • The top of the turbine’s blades must be no more than 3m above the top of the property, or 15m above the ground
  • The turbines must be located at least 5m from the edge of the property

For pole-mounted turbines:

  • The top of the turbine must be no more than 11.1m above the ground
  • The turbine must be at least 1.1 times of its own height away from the edge of the landowner’s land

Full government planning guidance for renewable technologies in England can be accessed here: http://www.legislation.gov.uk/uksi/2011/2056/made

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