The Johnson administration is setting ambitious climate targets. It plans to shrink the U.K.’s carbon footprint using renewable energy sources. Energy professionals are transitioning away from fossil fuels by following other countries’ sustainability paths.
Many nations are decarbonizing their power grids to minimize adverse health effects and environmental degradation. Sourcing renewable energy is also more cost-effective than alternative power sources. The U.K. can develop a clean energy grid using other countries’ renewable power models.
Sweden is one of the most sustainable countries in the world. The nation sources about 56% of its energy from emission-free supplies. Sweden has access to abundant quantities of biomass and moving water.
Nearly 75% of Sweden’s electricity comes from hydroelectric sources. The nation’s power professionals work with the landscape to reduce resource exploitation. They also source about 30% of the country’s electricity from nuclear power plants.
Sweden plans to adopt additional emission-free energy sources and reach 100% carbon neutrality by 2040. The nation may access wind power supplies from neighbouring countries. Utilizing domestic and foreign renewable energy can help nations develop clean power grids.
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Costa Rica is another leading country in clean energy development. It currently produces over 98% of its energy supply from renewable sources. Like Sweden, Costa Rica utilizes its coastal landscape to generate significant quantities of hydropower.
Power professionals also supply the grid with geothermal, wind, biomass, and solar energy. Fossil fuels were responsible for about 54% of greenhouse gas emissions in Costa Rica. Government officials targeted pollution by increasing the supply of alternative power.
Other countries can learn from Costa Rica’s successful transition to renewables by adopting multiple clean power sources. Many renewable energy sources rely on inconsistent weather patterns. Diversifying the power grid can ensure reliable energy supplies throughout extended periods.
Nicaragua also produces significant quantities of clean electricity. The country meets environmental conservation targets by generating geothermal power and other emission-free energy supplies. In 2020, Nicaragua made more than 3,100 Gigawatt hours (GWh) of renewable energy.
The country is meeting decarbonization goals by first electrifying its residential buildings. Decreasing residents’ reliance on fossil fuels can significantly reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Supplying homes with clean electricity may effectively eliminate residential air pollution.
The U.K. is working towards carbon neutrality by expanding wind power production. Energy professionals utilize the country’s expansive coastline to develop offshore wind farms. Nearly 34% of global offshore turbine installations occur in the U.K.
Offshore farms are decreasing electricity-related emissions and improving green employment opportunities. Other countries can learn from England’s renewable energy production by optimizing turbine placements. Power professionals are creating significant electricity supplies by placing farms about 20 kilometres (km) from land.
Researchers calculated the U.K.’s lowest emissions since 1888 after installing offshore wind farms. Other coastal regions are using the U.K. as a model to expand wind power production.
Like the U.K., America is establishing ambitious climate targets. The Biden-Harris administration plans to reach carbon neutrality halfway through the century. Energy professionals are reducing the enhanced greenhouse effect with wind power.
Americans are using onshore and offshore wind turbines to build a clean electric grid. They may also combat rising oil prices by sourcing more renewable power. Clean energy expansion is additionally creating 100,000 new U.S. jobs.
Energy professionals are expanding renewable power projects to increase national clean power alternatives. America currently sources about 12.2% of its energy from emission-free power supplies. The country may further shrink its carbon footprint by creating more wind, solar, geothermal, and hydropower projects.
In 2015, the United Nations established a global goal of eliminating emissions by 2050. It also plans to find more zero-carbon power solutions by 2030. Environmentalists and engineers are working together to advance clean energy technologies.
Most countries are taking sustainability measures to reduce energy-related pollution. Nations are working together to fast-track their renewable power projects and reach carbon neutrality. Individuals may expect more countries to source significant amounts of power from emission-free sources in the coming decades.
Jane works as an environmental and energy writer. She is also the founder and editor-in-chief of